What is coronavirus?
Coronaviruses are a group of viruses that cause diseases in mammals and birds. In humans, the viruses cause respiratory infections which are typically mild including the common cold but rarer forms like SARS and MERS can be lethal.
Source: Coronavirus – Wikipedia
Common human coronaviruses, including types 229E, NL63, OC43, and HKU1, usually cause mild to moderate upper-respiratory tract illnesses, like the common cold. Most people get infected with these viruses at some point in their lives. These illnesses usually only last for a short amount of time. Symptoms may include
- runny nose
- sore throat
- a general feeling of being unwell
How Wuhan virus is spreading
- December 31, 2019: China alerted WHO to several cases of pneumonia in Wuhan, China.
- January 1, 2020: Huanan Seafood Wholesale Market was shut down.
- January 7: they announced that they had identified a new virus, according to the WHO. The novel virus is from the coronavirus family, which includes SARS and the common cold, and is named 2019-nCoV.
- January 11: China announced its first death, a 61-year-old man who had purchased goods from the seafood market.
- January 13: WHO reported a case in Thailand, the first outside of China, a woman who had arrived from Wuhan.
- January 17: Second death was reported in Wuhan, health authorities in the United States announced that three airports would start screening passengers arriving from the city.
- January 20: China reported a third death and more than 200 infections
- January 22: The death toll in China jumped to 17 with more than 550 infections.
- January 25: Beijing cancelled events for the Lunar New Year starting.
- January 30: 8235 total confirmed and 171 total deaths are reported.
What can we do?
To protect yourself
There are currently no vaccines available to protect you against human coronavirus infection. You may be able to reduce your risk of infection by doing the following
- wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds
- avoid touching your eyes, nose, or mouth with unwashed hands
- avoid close contact with people who are sick
To protect others
If you have cold-like symptoms, you can help protect others by doing the following
- stay home while you are sick
- avoid close contact with others
- cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze, then throw the tissue in the trash and wash your hands
- clean and disinfect objects and surfaces